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英語六級高頻詞匯速記 + 2018-12-2聽力 Day04

2022-05-15 02:54:00馬鵬森

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slash

vt. 砍;大幅度削减;n. 砍;斜線號

metric

a. 公制的,米制的

immense

a. 廣大的,巨大的

drain

v. 排走;漸漸耗盡 n. 耗竭;排水管

insulate

vt. 使絕緣;隔離

prototype

n. 原型

compact

a. 緊凑的;緊密的;vt. 把…壓實 n. 合同

notorious

a. 臭名昭著的

equation

n. 方程,等式

subsidy

n. 補助金

tub

n. 桶,塑料杯;盆,浴缸

giant

n. 巨人;才智超群的人;a. 巨大的

decisive

a. 决定性的;堅定的

hike

n. 徒步旅行;增加;v. 徒步旅行;提高

thermal

a. 熱的;保暖的

specialize

vi. (in)專攻

furnace

n. 火爐

portion

n. 一部分,一份;vt. 分配

implement

vt. 使生效,實施;n. 工具,器具

keen

a.熱心的;敏銳的;激烈的;鋒利的

clutch

v.企圖抓住;抓緊;n. 離合器;掌握

mall

n. 購物中心

lounge

n. 休息廳;vi. (懶散地)躺;閑逛

cozy/cosy

a. 舒適的;親切友好的

relieve

vt. 使輕松;减輕;使得到調劑;接替

precaution

n. 預防,警惕

haunt

vt. 常出沒於;使苦惱;纏繞;n. 常去的地方

vanish

vi. 消失;不複存在

bankrupt

a. 破產的;徹底缺乏的;vt. 使破產 n. 破產者

freight

n. 貨物;vt. 運送(貨物)

integral

a. 構成整體所必需的

remedy

n. 補救辦法;藥品,治療法;vt. 補救;治療

defy

vt. 違抗;藐視;使成為不可能;挑,激

vague

a. 含糊的,模糊的

betray

vt. 背叛;失信於;泄露;暴露

embrace

vt. 擁抱;包括;包圍;n. 擁抱

occupation

n. 職業;消遣;占領

gauge

n. 測量儀錶;厚度;規格;vt. 估計;計量

suspect

vt. 推測;對…錶示懷疑 ;n. 可疑分子 a. 可疑的

casual

a. 冷淡的;非正式的;偶然的;臨時的

acquaintance

n. 熟人;認識,了解

embarrass

vt. 使尷尬

inferior

a. 劣等的;下級的;n. 下級

parade

n. 遊行,檢閱;v.(使)列隊行進

donation

n. 捐款,捐贈

gap

n. 缺口;差距;不足

cheat

v. 欺騙;作弊;n. 欺騙;騙子

gaze

vi./;n. 注視

jealous

a. 妒忌的;精心守護的

payment

n. 支付的款項;支付

peculiar

a. 奇怪的;特有的;n. 特有財產,特權

judgement

n. 看法;判斷力;審判

scope

n. 範圍;餘地

scrape

v. 刮,擦;n. 刮,擦,刮擦聲

organize

vt. 組織;使有條理

revolve

vi. 旋轉

sanction

vt. 批准;n. 批准;約束力;(常pl.)國際制裁

penetrate

v. 滲入;刺穿;洞察

rival

n. 競爭對手;可與匹敵的人(或物);a. 競爭的 vt. 與…競爭;比得上

upset

vt. 使心煩意亂;打亂;弄翻;n.不適 a. 心煩的

expansive

a. 易膨脹的;開朗的,健談的

conscience

n. 良心

exemplify

vt. 是…的典型;舉例證明

sexual

a. 性的;性別的

聽力

英語六級聽力合集

SectionA
Conversation 1

M: Do you mind taking my photo with the statue【雕像】over there? I think it will make a great shot【設計、鏡頭、一小杯】.
W: Sure, no worries. You're always taking photos. What do you do with all the photos you take?
M: Well, don't laugh. My dream is to become an online celebrity【名人】of sorts.
W: You are not serious, are you?
M: I am, completely. I just got the idea a few months ago after posting some holiday photos on my social media accounts. A lot of people liked my photos and started asking me for travel tips. So I figured I'd give it a go. I post a lot on social media anyway. So I've got nothing to lose.
W: I guess that's true. So what do you have to do to become Internet famous?
M: Surprisingly a lot more than I did as a hobby【業餘愛好】. Recently, I've been spending a lot more time editing photos, posting online and clearing storage on my phone. It's always full now.【
現在總是滿的
W: That doesn't sound like too much work.
M: Well, there's more to it. I spent all last weekend researching what topics are popular, what words to use in captions【標題】and similar accounts to follow. It really was a lot to take in. And I was up well past midnight【
我半夜還沒睡】. I'd say it's paying off though【我想說這是值得的】. I increased the number of people following my accounts by 15% already.
W: That is impressive【
給人印象深刻的、令人欽佩的】. I guess I never thought much about all the effort behind the scene【我想我從來沒有想過這些幕後的努力】. Now that I think about it, there's always something wrong with my photos as it is—half smiles,closed eyes, messy hair. I hope you have better luck than I do. Then again【其次】, I think the only person interested in my photos is my mom.

1. What does the man ask the woman to do?
2. What does the man dream of?
3. What has the man been busy doing recently?
4. What does the woman say about her photos?

Conversation 2
M: Good evening and welcome to Physics Today. Here we interview some of the greatest minds in physics as they help us to understand some of the most complicated複雜的theories. Today, I'm very pleased to welcome Dr. Melissa Phillips, professor of theoretical physics. She's here to tell us a little about what it is she studies. Dr. Phillips, you seem to study everything.
W: I guess that would be fair to say I spent most of my time studying the Big Bang theory and where our universe宇宙came from.
M: Can you tell us a little about that?
W: Well, I'm very interested in why the universe exists at all. That may sound odd, but the fact is at the moment of the Big Bang, both matter and anti-matter were created for a short time, and I mean just a fraction of一小部分a second. The whole universe was a super-hot soup of radiation輻射filled with these particles粒子. So what's baffled困惑scientists for so long is "why is there a universe at all?"
M: That's because matter and anti-matter are basically opposites of each other. They are exactly alike完全一樣except that they have opposite electrical charges. So when they collide碰撞, they destroy each other?
W: Exactly. So during the first few moments of the Big Bang, the universe was extremely hot and very small. Matter and the now more exotic anti-matter would have had little幾乎沒有space to avoid each other. This means that they should have totally wiped each other out, leaving the universe completely barren【貧瘠的、不毛的】.
M: But a recent study seems to point to the fact that when matter and anti-matter were first created, there were slightly輕微的more particles of matter, which allowed the universe we all live in to form.
W: Exactly. Because there was slightly more matter, the collisions quickly depleted all the anti-matter and left just enough matter to create stars, planets行星and eventually us.

5. What does the man say is Physics Today?
6. What is the woman physicist's main research area?
7. What is the woman interested in?
8. What seems to be the finding of the recent study?最近的研究有什麼發現?

universe【宇宙
university【大學

particles【粒子
practice【實際上】

planets行星
plant【植物】

Section B
Passage 1
In this week's edition版本of special series on Bizarre Medical Conditions, there is a report of the case of【……的情况】Michelle Myers. Myers is an American woman who woke up one day speaking with a British accent口音, even though she's lived in the United States all her life. In 2015, Myers went to bed with a terrible headache. She woke up sounding like someone from England. Her British accent has remained for the past two years. Previously, Myers had woken up speaking in Irish and Australian accents. However, on both of those occasions, the accents lasted for only a week.
Myers has been diagnosed with Foreign Accent Syndrome綜合征. It's a disorder in which a person experiences a sudden change to their speech演說、發言so that they sound like they're speaking in a foreign accent. The condition is most often caused by a stroke中風or traumatic【創傷的】brain injury. Although people with the syndrome have intelligible明白易懂的speech, their manner of speaking is altered in terms of timing時機and tongue placement, which may distort扭曲their pronunciation.The result is that they may sound foreign when speaking their native language.It's not clear whether Myers has experienced a stroke or other brain damage, but she also has a separate單獨的、不同的medical condition, which can result in loose joints關節松動, easily bruised擦傷skin and other problems.
Foreign Accent Syndrome is rare, with only about 60 cases reported within the past century. However, a different American woman reportedly spoke with the Russian accent in 2010 after she fell down the stairs樓梯and hit her head.

9. What happened to Michelle Myers one day?
10. What does the passage say about Foreign Accent Syndrome?
11. What accent did another American woman speak with after a head injury?

Passage 2

​​​​​​​There is something about water that makes it a good metaphor隱喻for life. That may be one reason why so many people find relief in swimming when life's seas get rough粗糙. And it goes some way towards explaining why books about swimming, in which people tackle icy lakes【結冰的湖泊】, race in rivers and overcome oceans while reflecting on【思考、反思 their lives, have recently become so popular.
These books reflect a trend, particularly strong in Britain, where swimming in pools is declining, but more and more folks人們are opting for選擇open water. "Wild swimming" seems to be especially popular among women. Jenny Landreth recently published a guide to the best swimming spots in London. Her new book, Swell, interweaves交織her own story with a history of female pioneers先驅who accomplished remarkable feats功勳and paved the way for future generations.
Notions of modesty謙虛(靦腆)的觀念 restricted women in the Victorian era, but they still swam. A "bathing machine" was rolled down滾下to the seashore海岸so women would not be seen in swimwear泳衣. In 1892, The Gentlewoman's Book of Sport described a woman swimming in a heavy dress衣服, boots靴子, hat, gloves手套and carrying an umbrella雨傘.
Eventually, swimming became freer. Mixed bathing混合沐浴was permitted允許on British beaches in 1901. Women won the right to swim in public pools, learned to swim properly, created appropriate swimwear and, in time, even competed against men. The first woman to cross the English Channel英吉利海峽was Gertrude Ederle in 1926. She beat the record by almost two hours and her father rewarded獎勵her with a red sports car.

12. What has become so popular recently?
13. What did Jenny Landreth do recently?
14. What do we learn about women in the Victorian era?
15. What does the passage say about Gertrude Ederle?

Section C
Recording 1
Today I'm going to talk about a very special kind of person. Psychologists call them "masters of deception," those rare individuals with a natural ability to tell with complete confidence when someone is telling a lie. For decades, researchers and law enforcement agencies have tried to build a machine that will do the same thing.
Now a company in Massachusetts says that by using magnetic磁的brain scans they can determine with 97% accuracy whether someone is telling the truth. They hope that the technology will be cleared for use in American courts法庭by early next year. But is this really the ultimate tool for you, the lawyers of tomorrow?
You'll not find many brain scientists celebrating this breakthrough. The company might be very optimistic, but the ability of their machine to detect deception欺騙has not provided credible proof可信的證據. That's because the technology has not been properly tested in real-world situations. In life, there are different kinds of lies and diverse各式各樣的context環境in which they're told. These differences may elicit引出、得到different brain responses. Does their hypothesis假設behind the test apply in every case? We don't know the answer, because studies done on how reliable this machine is have not yet been duplicated. Much more research is badly needed【迫切需要更多的研究】.
Whether the technology is eventually deemed reliable enough for the courts will ultimately be decided by the judges. Let's hope they're wise enough not to be fooled by a machine that claims to determine truthfulness at the flick of a switch請按一下開關. They should also be sceptical of the growing tendency to try to reduce all human traits and actions to the level of brain activity. Often, they do not map地圖、映射 that easily.
Moreover, understanding the brain is not the same as understanding the mind. Some researchers have suggested that thoughts cannot properly恰當的、正確的be seen as purely "internal." Instead, thoughts make sense有意義only in reference to關於the individual's external world. So while盡管there may be insights見解to be gained獲得from matching behavior to brain activity, those insights will not necessarily lead to justice in a court of law. Problems surround the use of machines to spot deception發現欺騙, at least until it has been rigorously嚴厲的tested. A high-tech test that can tell when a person is not telling the truth sounds too good to be true. And when something sounds too good to be true, it usually is.

16. What have researchers and law enforcement執行agencies tried to do?
17. How do many brain scientists respond to the Massachusetts company's so-called所謂的technological breakthrough?
18. What does the speaker think of using a high-tech高科技test to determine whether a person is telling the truth?

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